Search for location "Peru"
||Eve Nicklin arrived in Peru from Jamestown, NY, the United States and became the first resident pioneer to settle in Lima. FMH
Hand of the Caus Ruhíyyih Khánum, in the movie, The Green Light Expedition, called her the "Mother of Peru". [FMH264]
||The passing of John Stearns, pioneer to Quito while in Lima, Peru for medical treatment. He was buried in the British Cemetary.
[BW10p539-540; Heroes of God: History of the Bahá'í Faith in Ecuador, 1940-1979 p11]
||In Memoriam; John Stearns
||The National Spiritual Assembly of South America was elected at an international convention in Lima, Peru. Elected were: Edmund J. Miessler (Sao Paulo), Mrs. Margot Worley (Bahia), Miss Eve Nicklin (Lima), Manuel Vera (Lima), Dr. Alejandro Reid (Punta Arenas), Mrs. Gayle Woolson (Bogota), Esteban Canales L. (Asuncion), Srta. Mercedes Sanchez (Lima), Rangvald Taetz (Montevideo) [BW12:60; Bahá'í News No 244 June 1951 p12]
18 of the 27 delegates were present at the convention. [BW12:60]
For a photo see Bahá'í Historical Facts.
The countries involved were: Brazil, Peru, Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela, Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, and Bolivia. The union lasted until 1957 when it was split into two administrative bodies.
||National Spiritual Assembly, formation
|1953 11 Aug
||Virginia Orbison arrived in the Balearic Islands from a pioneer post in Spain and was named a Knight of Bahá’u’lláh for the Balearic Islands. [BW13:449]
It was neither her first nor her last pioneer experience. Between 1942 and 1946 she pioneered to Chile, Argentina, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador and Brazil. After World War II she went to Madrid, Spain where she helped raise the first local spiritual assembly and she did the same thing in Barcelona the following year.
In July of 1953 she went to the Stockholm Intercontinental Teaching Conference where she offered to pioneer to Mallorca in one of the Balearic Islands, She stayed about one year before returning to Barcelona in August of 1954 where she attended the Iberian Teaching Conference that was attended by 60 people. Late that nine, she and nine others were arrested by the police and interrogated for 18 hours. They had thought that the Bahá'í were Communists.
In 1956 she moved to Portugal where she was elected to the first Iberian Regional Spiritual Assembly. After three years she was forced to leave by the authorities because of her Bahá'í activities, holding property and owning a telephone.
She was asked to go to Luxembourg where she spent nine years but made little progress in establishing the Faith. She was then asked to got to Malaga, Spain and by 1972 Malaga had a local spiritual assembly so she pioneered to Margella in 1979.
The National Spiritual Assembly asked her to write a history of the Faith in Spain which was completed in 1980.
As was her wish, she passed to the Abha Kingdom in 1985, still a pioneer. [KoB346-347; Wikipedia]
See also Also see Bahá'í World 19 pages 715-721 or 692-697 in the print version and Bahá'í News #586 January 1980 p2-5.
|Balearic Islands; Spain; Chile; Argentina; Bolivia; Peru; Ecuador; Brazil; Mallorca; Spain; Portugal; Luxembourg
||Virginia Orbison; Knights of Bahaullah; Islands
||The Regional Spiritual Assembly of Brazil, Peru, Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela was formed at Lima, Peru. [BW13:257]
Prior to this time, since 1951 it had been administer by the National Spiritual Assembly of South America. [Bahaipedia NSA; South America]
||National Spiritual Assembly, formation
||The National Spiritual Assembly of Peru was formed. [BW13:258]
||National Spiritual Assembly, formation
|1975 (In the year)
||The first all-Quechua Bahá'í Conference was held in Cusco, Peru, attended by Bahá’ís from Peru, Bolivia, and Ecuador. [BW16p445]
This conference was attended by Rúhíyyih Khánum and some of her companions on the Green Light Expedition. [BW16p439]
The supreme deity of the Incas, Ilya-Tiqsi Viracocha Pachayachachiq (“Ancient Foundation, Lord, Teacher”), was incarnated and dwelled among men as the Inca prophet of God. Viracocha promised to return one day and that hope has been realized. [Indigenous Messengers of God
by Christopher Buck and Kevin Locke p13; Native Messengers of God in Canada?: A Test Case for Bahá'í Universalism by Christopher Buck]
||Quechua; Conferences, Bahai; Conferences, International; First conferences; Native Americans; Native American messengers; Indigenous people; Viracocha; Amatul-Baha Ruhiyyih Khanum; Amatul-Baha Ruhiyyih Khanum, Journeys of; Green Light Expedition
||The first International Conference of Bahá’í Women in South America was held in Lima, Peru, attended by 200 women from 12 countries. [BW17:172]
For picture see BW17:211.
||Conferences, Bahai; Conferences, International; Conferences, Women; Women; First conferences
|1981 26 Nov
||The Comunicación Intercambio y Radiodifusión Bahá’í para America Latina y el Caribe (CIRBAL) was established by the Universal House of Justice to promote the development of Bahá’í radio and mass media activities in Latin America. [BW19:59]
The special Committee for Service to the Blind, located in the United Kingdom, was a clearing house and production and distribution centre for materials both on tape and in Braille; and CIRBAL (Centro para Intercambio Radiofonico Baha'i de America Latins), among its other functions, serves as
a clearing house for tapes, videotapes, script and other materials suitable for use via radio and television. Its mandated area is South and Central America and the Caribbean. [BW18p115, 117]
||Peru; Latin America
||Bahai radio; Social and economic development; Universal House of Justice; Committee for Service to the Blindness; Disability
|1981 26 Nov
||The inauguration of Radio Bahá'í Peru at Chucuito near Puno on the shore of Del Lago Titicaca (Lake Titicaca). [Mess63-86p510]
Its associated teaching institute was completed for use soon thereafter, going immediately into intensive service.
At one point in the 80's they were broadcasting at 1 kw on the medium-wave for ten hours per day in.the Spanish, Quechua and Aymara languages. [BW18p111]
See also Bahá'í News May, 1987.
Picture of the site.
||Bahai radio; Teaching Institutes; Bahai-owned radio
|1985 2 – 5 Aug
||An International Youth Conference to support the United Nations International Youth Year was held in Lima, Peru, attended by 500 youth from 18 countries and representing four native tribes. [BW19:300]<
For picture see BW19:322.
||Lima; Peru; Latin America
||Conferences, Bahai; Conferences, Youth; Conferences, International; Conferences, International; Conferences, International; Youth; International Youth Year
||A five-day teaching project in the Lake Titicaca region of Peru enrolled 738 youth and 1,026 adults, almost half of whom were women. [BINS184:10]
A later report gave the figure as over 2,000. [BINS185:8]
||Lake Titicaca; Peru
|2013 5 Mar
||The passing of Mas'ud Khamsi, former Counsellor member of the International Teaching Centre in Lima, Peru. [BWNS943; In Memoriam:
Mas'úd Khamsí (1922-2013), Spiritual Father of Peru, Mentor and Counselor
by Boris Handal translated by Samuel Duboisme]
Slideshow in Spanish.
He was the son of one of "The Five Siyyids" (Sádát-i-Khams in Arabic), so named by Bahá'u'áh. For the story of this family see The Khamsis: A Cradle of True Gold by Boris Handal. Mas'ud Khamsi's story is told in this book (p111-239).
||Masud Khamsi; Baqirof-Khamsi (Sadat-i-Khams); Counsellors; International Teaching Centre, Members of; In memoriam; BWNS
from the Main Catalogue
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- Birth of Radio Bahá'í of Lake Titicaca in Peru, The, by Boris Handal, in Bahá'í News (1981-09). On a momentous international Bahá'í teaching project linking the sister communities of Peril and Bolivia. [about]
- Ella del Valiente Corazón: La Vida de Miss Eve Blanche Nicklin (1895-1985), "Madre Spiritual del Perú", by Boris Handal (2002). The life of Eve Nicklin, "Spiritual Mother of Peru." [about]
- Eve Nicklin: She of the Brave Heart, by Boris Handal (2011). The life of the "Spiritual Mother of Peru." [about]
- Finding the Lamp: My Bahá'í Experience, by Boris Handal, in Catholics and Catholicism in contemporary Australia: challenges and achievements, ed. Abe Ata (2012). A personal adventure of faith, influenced by a background where faith and reason talked to each other, and an oriental ethnic heritage and curiosity for Eastern cultures; thoughts on inclusive spiritual agendas for the future. [about]
- Guidance for Bahá'í Radio from the Bahá'í World Centre (1990). Selection of guidance received from the Bahá'í World Centre on Bahá'í radio from May, 1980 to December, 1989, on four major themes: administration; programming, training and production; finance and technical matters. [about]
- In Memoriam: Mercedes Sánchez (1912-1999), by Boris Handal (2021). On the life of one of the first Peruvian Bahá'ís, who encountered the Faith via Eve Nicklin, the first American pioneer to settle in Peru. [about]
- In Memoriam: Isabel Camacho de Sánchez (1931-2013), by Boris Handal and Enrique Sanchez (2021). On the life of an active member of the early Peruvian community, who first encountered the Bahá'í Faith in her hometown in Argentina in 1948 before travel-teaching in Peru. [about]
- In Memoriam: Mas'úd Khamsí (1922-2013), Spiritual Father of Peru, Mentor and Counselor, by Boris Handal (2021-03). On the life of a distinguished Bahá'í from Rasht, Iran, who travel-taught to Africa and South America and later became a member of the National Spiritual Assemblies of Bolivia and Peru. [about]
- In Memoriam: Salomon Pacora Estrada (Pacora Blue Mountain) 1899-1969, by Boris Handal (2022). Short bio of the first known Bahá'í of Inca descent, who served as a pioneer in Ecuador. [about]
- Indigenous Messengers of God, by Christopher Buck and Kevin Locke (2014-2020). 68 essays on Native American theology and history from the perspective of Bahá'í teachings. [about]
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