Search for tag "Internet"
|1969 29 Oct
||A mechanism of world inter-communication will be devised, embracing the whole planet, freed from national hindrances and restrictions, and functioning with marvellous swiftness and perfect regularity. WOB203
1844 May 24 Samuel F.B. Morse sent the first telegraphic message over an experimental line from Washington, D.C., to Baltimore, the message said: "What hath God wrought?"
1858 Aug 16 the first transatlantic telegraph cable was an undersea cable running under the Atlantic Ocean used for telegraph communications was laid across the floor of the Atlantic from Telegraph Field, Foilhommerum Bay, Valentia Island in western Ireland to Heart's Content in eastern Newfoundland. The first communications occurred August 16, 1858, reducing the communication time between North America and Europe from ten days.
1894 May 10 Marconi sent a radio wave 3/4 mile, the first "wireless" transmission.
1897 Marconi Co sent the first ship-to-shore message 12 miles. 1899 Mar 3 the ship "East Goodwin" was saved after sending the distress signal "HELP".
1969 October 29 The birth of the Internet. First message from computer to computer in different locations. UCLA student Charley Kline attempts to transmit the text “login” to a computer at the Stanford Research Institute over the first link on the ARPANET, which was the precursor to the modern Internet. After the letters “l” and “o” are sent the system crashed, making the first message ever sent on the Internet “lo” and the first crash of the system.
||Internet; Communication; Firsts, Other; History (general)
|1994 Jan 30
||The first worldwide fireside on the Internet, ‘Pioneering in Cyberspace the Bahá'í Faith and the Internet', was held, with a live audience in the Bahá'í Centre in New York City communicating electronically with people all over the United States and in two other countries.
||New York; United States
|1997 (In the year)
||In 1997 One Country launched its website that contained all the English issues of the newsletter published over the previous three years. [One Country Vol 23 Issue3, BW’86-92p539]
||One Country (magazine); Newsletters; Internet; Bahai International Community
|2004 (In the year)
||The Universal House of Justice established the Bahá’í Internet Agency to operate under the guidance of the International Teaching Centre.
In a message to all National Assemblies stated that the Bahá’í Internet Agency were to assist the Counsellors and the National Spiritual Assemblies to address issues related to the propagation and protection of the Faith as they pertain to the internet. An office with a full-time director was established in the United States.
The Bahá’í Computer and Communications Association (BCCA) and the Security Advisory Group, which provided this service for a number of years were to function but now under the direction of the new agency. [Message from the Universal House of Justice dated 16 June 2005]
The Baha’i Internet Agency also monitors the online activity of schismatic Bahá'í groups, and groups or individuals known as “Covenant Breakers”.
Documents by the Bahá'í Internet Agency.
||Baha’i Internet Agency; International Teaching Centre; Baha’i Computer and Communications Association; Security Advisory Group
|2004 31 May
||The launch of the Web site The Bahá'í Reference Library by the Bahá'í International Community. It marked the first time that a voluminous authoritative library of Bahá'í scripture and other Bahá'í publications had been available on the Internet. [reference.bahai.org, BWNS302]
||Websites; Internet; Publications; BWNS; Baha'i International Community
|2005 20 Apr
||The launch of the new official website, titled The Bahá'ís to replace the previous site, "The Bahá'í World," at the same address. The site is also a portal to the family of official web sites of the Bahá'í International Community.
The content of "The Bahá'í World" continued to be available as Bahá'í Topics: An Information Resource.
||Websites; Internet; Publications; BWNS; Baha'i International Community; BIC statements
|2007 5 Mar
||The start of Bahaikipedia - The Bahá’í collaborative encyclopedia. The name Bahaikipedia is a portmanteau of Bahá’í, wiki and encyclopedia. It was later changed to [Bahaipedia]
||Bahaipedia; Internet; Websites
|2007 7 Nov
||The launch of a new website by the Bahá'í International Community, The Life of Bahá'u'lláh to provide illustration of Bahá'u'lláh's life through photographs of places and artifacts and relics associated directly with Him. [BWNS586]
||Websites; Internet; Bahaullah, Life of (documents); Bahaullah, Life of; Relics; Publications; BWNS; Baha'i International Community; BIC statements
|2011 21 Mar
||The launch of "Half Light Media". The mandate of this not-for-profit entity was to serve the Bahá'í Faith through the arts and various avenues of media. Founder Naysan Naraqi was assisted by fellow board members Collis Ta'eed and Fuad Ta'eed and scores of collaborators.
Their flagship project was called "Bahá'í Blog" but it was more than a blog. It was a knowledge repository with almost 1,500 articles by more than 100 contributors.
It was also a Video Bank with its own YouTube Channel. Through “Studio Sessions”, they invited Bahá'ís and their friends to film and record themselves singing/playing something based on the Bahá'í Writings.
Baha’i Blogcast with host Rainn Wilson was a collection of interviews with Bahá'ís and their friends. They established a presence on Sound Cloud where one could listen or download talks and music that appeared on the site.
There was a page where they showcased photography, design and imagery from around the web that focused on the Bahá'í Faith and Spirituality themes and another called Personal Reflections, a project that captured portraits of people coupled with excerpts from interviews with them about how the Bahá'í Faith had touched their lives.
There was a calendar page and and another for quizzes where one could challenge oneself on a variety of topics.
Another service they provided was a directory with links to Official Bahá'í Sites, Non-Government Organizations, Education and Training sites, Blogs, Publications and Communities as well as other Bahá'í resources.
||Internet; Social media; Naysan Naraqi; Collis Ta'eed; Fuad Ta'eed; Rainn Wilson
|2015 20 Jan
||The website of the worldwide Bahá'í community at www.bahai.org was launched in a new version, representing the latest stage in the development of an official presence on the Web that extended back to 1996. [BWNS1037]
||Websites; Internet; BWNS
|2017 15 Feb
||The Bahá'í International Community announced the launch of a website for the Bahá'ís of Iran at Bahaisofiran.org. "Although the official website of the worldwide Bahá'í community had recently been made available in Persian and a number of other languages, the new "Baha'is of Iran" website was the first website of the Bahá'í community of Iran. This development was especially important at a time when a large volume of anti-Bahá'í propaganda had proliferated in that country. Since 2013 alone, more than 20,000 such pieces had been disseminated in Iran's media." [BWNS1152, The Baha'i Question Revisited]
Web sites for other national communities can be found at A Global Community.
||Websites; Internet; Publications; BWNS; Baha'i International Community; BIC statements
|2017 28 Sep
||The Universal House of Justice announced the launch of a new website, created in English, French, Spanish, Russian, Arabic, and Persian. This portal will be used to share news of the commemoration of the Twin Holy Days throughout the world.
Included on that portal was the Message from the Universal House of Justice date October 2017 regarding the celebration of the Bicentenary of the Birth of Bahá'u'lláh.
||Bahaullah, Birth of; Centenaries; Twin Holy days; Holy days; Websites; Internet; Publications; Translation
|2017 20 - 22 Oct
||Bicentenary of the Birth of Bahá'u'lláh
From the time of the setting of the sun on October 21st in Kiribati, an island republic in the Central Pacific just west of the International Date Line, until sunset in Hawaii on the 22nd of October, 72 hours later, celebrations were held in thousands of localities throughout the world commemorating the 200th anniversary of the birth of Bahá'u'lláh.
Coverage on the bicentenary website began soon after 8:00 GMT on 20 October and concluded at 4:00 GMT on 23 October documenting some of the thousands of celebrations.
A number of countries issue commemorative stamps to mark the occasion of the bicentenary of Bahá'u'lláh's birth.
||Bahaullah, Birth of; Twin Holy days; Holy days; Centenaries; Websites; Internet; Publications; Stamps; BWNS; - Basic timeline, Expanded
|2018 18 Jan
||In response to growing interest in the persecution of the Bahá’ís of Iran, a website was launched by the Bahá’í International Community providing a glimpse into several decades of discriminatory treatment against the Bahá’ís in that country. The website, named Archives of Bahá’í Persecution in Iran, made available, for the first time, thousands of official documents, reports, testimonials, and audio-visual material, revealing documentary evidence of years of relentless oppression.
||Websites; Internet; Archives; Publications; Persecution, Iran; Persecution, Other; Persecution; Bahai International Community
|2018 18 Feb
||In an open letter, twenty-five prominent international lawyers and human right activists appealed to Mohammad Javad Larijani, the Secretary-General of the High Council for Human Rights in Iran, to take steps to end the persecution of the Bahá'ís in Iran. In the letter they made reference to the new website, "Archives of the Bahá'í Persecution in Iran", stating that it “vividly demonstrates the depth and breadth of unjust, relentless, and systematic oppression against a religious minority”. [BICNews10Feb2018]
||Human Rights; Persecution, Iran; Persecution, Other; Persecution; Open letters; Websites; Internet; Publications
|2019 23 May
||The Baha’i World publication website was launched online this date.
The website made available a selection of thoughtful essays and long-form articles on a range of subjects of interest to the wider public, conveying advancements in Bahá'í thought and action and reflecting the Faith’s purpose in the world. [BWNS1329]
||Bahai World volumes; Internet; BWNS
|2019. 26 Jul
||In a message from the secretariat of the Universal House of Justice to selected National Assemblies it was announced that a new portal had been opened on the pilgrimage website (pilgrimage.bahai.org) that would allow Bahá'ís to submit, track and update pilgrimage and visit requests directly. [CBN Vol 32 No 3 Fall 2019 p6]
|2019. 6 Sep
||The Universal House of Justice announced the launch of a new website to provide information about the events held to commemorate the Twin Holy Days. The site was revealed over an eight week period and was made available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Hindi, Persian, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, and Swahili. It provided live streaming during the hours that the Bahá'í communities around the world commemorated the Birth of the Báb and the Birth of Bahá’u’lláh on the 29th and 30th of October. [BWNS1350]
||Twin Holy Days; Holy Days; Bab, Birth of; Centenaries; Websites; Internet
|2019. 29 Oct
||Bicentenary of the Birth of the Báb
The Bahá'í world commemorated the 200th anniversary of the birth of the Báb. The bicentenary website chronicled just some of the thousands of celebrations.
In early October the Universal House of Justice sent a message to all who have come to honour the Herald of a new Dawn.
A film called Dawn of the Light was commissioned. It was made available in 10 languages in a variety of formats. The film portrayed several individuals from different continents as they related their own personal search after truth and meaning. They shared their discovery that God had sent two Divine Manifestations Whose teachings were revolutionizing human thought and behaviour, changing darkness into light. The film showed glimpses of how this same discovery was inspiring the efforts of many across the globe to serve humanity and to contribute to building a new pattern of life.
The site also featured four articles The Mission of the Báb by former Universal House of Justice member Douglas Martin, Religion Renewed, Divine Revelation, and Bahá'í Teachings in Action...
...and small sample from among the countless artistic expressions created by individuals and communities around the world for the occasion of the bicentenary.
During the celebrations there was live streaming of the services held the Bahá'í Houses of Worship.
In addition there was an official Facebook page and an Instagram account.
Some national communities had their own Facebook page such as the Bahá'ís of the United Kingdom and the Bahá'ís of the United States.
On the 8th of November the Universal House of Justice sent a message to the Bahá'ís of the World commenting on the celebrations and activities held by the worldwide Bahá’í community to commemorate the bicentenary of the Birth of the Báb.
See the English translation of the message of the Universal House of Justice dated the 24th of October addressed to the followers of Bahá’u’lláh in the sacred land of Iran.
||Twin Holy Days; Holy Days; Bab, Birth of; Centenaries; Dawn of the Light; Internet; Universal House of Justice, Letters and messages; - Basic timeline, Expanded
|2020. 20 Apr
||A new section, featuring images, videos, and music from commemorations of the 200th anniversary of the birth of the Báb, was added to the two bicentenary websites. These websites stand as a permanent testament to how Bahá'ís and many of their compatriots throughout the world—from major urban centres to remote rural locations—commemorated the bicentennial anniversaries of the birth of Bahá’u’lláh and the Báb in 2017 and 2019, respectively. The final additions made to the bicentenary websites included country pages illustrating the diversity of celebrations that these historic occasions inspired in over 150 countries and territories.
||Bahaullah, Birth of; Centenaries; Twin Holy days; Holy days; Websites; Internet; Publications; Translation
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- Accessing literature on the Bahá'í Faith: Emerging search technologies and recent results, by Graham Hassall, in Online Journal of Bahá'í Studies, 1 (2007). Survey of search technologies that can be used to find documentation on the Bahá'í religion, and a summary of results of such searches for the period 2003-2006. [about]
- Administrative Order, Suggestions about changes in , by Universal House of Justice (1995). Ways in which Baha'is may make suggestions for change within the Baha'i administration, and the nature of internet discussions. [about]
- Bahá'í Review: Should the 'red flag' law be repealed?, by Barney Leith, in Bahá'í Studies Review, 5:1 (1995). Argument that the current provisions for review may be anachronistic and that the benefits of deregulation might outweigh possible disadvantages. Includes responses by Roxanne Lalonde and Sepideh Taheri. [about]
- Bahá'í Participation on the Internet: Some Reflections, by Bahá'í Internet Agency (2006). Forms of online participation; the Internet as a new and foreign culture; using spiritual principles to guide online action and teaching. [about]
- Blogging and the Bahá'í Faith: Suggestions and Possible Approaches, by Bahá'í Internet Agency (2006). Guidance on blogging and the 5-year plan, finding an audience, possible topics, placement and promotion, and podcasting. [about]
- Bounded Religious Communities' Management of the Challenge of New Media: Bahá'í Negotiation with the Internet, by Heidi A. Campbell and Drake Fulton, in Social Media and Religious Change, ed. Marie Gillespie et al. (2012). An outsiders' perspective of the Baha'i approach to fluid, open networks in the face of its bounded social structure and its system of hierarchical gatekeepers. Includes overview of the Baha'i Internet Agency. [about]
- Covenant-Breakers, Encountering Online, by Universal House of Justice (1997). Actions Baha'is need or need not take upon meeting Covenant Breakers in online "chat rooms" or by email. [about]
- Glossary of internet-related terms, by Jonah Winters (1998). A document created in 1998, when many users were new to the Web, explaining some common internet terms. [about]
- Guidelines for Internet Communication, by Bahá'í Internet Agency and Universal House of Justice (2008). Includes compilation "Extracts on Internet Communication Written on Behalf of the Universal House of Justice," spiritual principles, and Baha'i netiquette. [about]
- Internet and Electronic Forums Used for Teaching, by Universal House of Justice, in Associate, 27 (1999). Short letter about using electronic media for personal teaching activities. [about]
- Internet and Literature Review, The, by Bahá'í Internet Agency (2011). Guidance from the Baha'i World Centre to two NSAs, that the process of "literature review" does not apply to the Internet for informal publications (like personal blogs), but it does apply for formal ones (like e-journals). [about]
- Internet Communications; Virgin Birth; Encyclopedia; Administrative Order, by Universal House of Justice (1996). Questions on email discussion groups and the Covenant, the Baha'i stance on the Virgin Birth of Christ, the spirituality of administrating, the spiritual destiny of the American Baha'i community, and the status of the Baha'i Encyclopedia. [about]
- Internet Discussions, Character of, by Universal House of Justice (1995). Internet courtesy, discipline, and the need for Baha'is online to be a "spiritual leaven." [about]
- Internet Forums, Development and Monitoring of, by International Teaching Centre (1995). Guidance for Counsellors regarding participation in and monitoring of bulletin boards, chat rooms, and email lists. [about]
- Internet Guidance, by Bahá'í Internet Agency (2004). Links to a variety of guidelines for online media: responding to opposition online; how to do podcasting and blogging; netiquette; SEO and hosting websites; using social networking sites; compilation on Internet communications; PowerPoint presentations. [about]
- Internet, Defending the Cause against Opponents on, by Universal House of Justice (2001). The nature of opposition to the Baha'i Faith, and how to respond to it in internet media. [about]
- Internet, the World Wide Web, and Electronic Discussion Lists: A perspective from the Bahá'í Writings, by Bahá'u'lláh and Abdu'l-Bahá (1998). Compilation prepared by a member of Continental Board of Counsellors. [about]
- Internet: Creation of the newsgroup talk.religion.bahai, by Universal House of Justice (1997). Two letters, sent at different times and to different individuals, regarding the proposed newsgroup talk.religion.bahai. [about]
- Internet: Promoting the Bahá'í Faith via Personal Web Pages, by Universal House of Justice (1997). Baha'is may establish personal homepages on the Internet as a means of promoting the Faith. [about]
- Israel, Teaching the Faith in, by Universal House of Justice (1995). Short overview of the policies on discussing the Baha'i Faith in Israel; the prohibition of Baha'is from teaching the Baha'i Faith to Israelis extends to internet discussions. Includes US State Dept. overview of the laws regarding proselytizing in Israel. [about]
- Laymen vs. Scholars in Bahá'í Studies, by Universal House of Justice (1996). No distinction should be drawn between "laypeople" and "scholars" in Baha'i studies, and the pursuit of knowledge. [about]
- Next Five Years, The: An Internet Perspective, by Marc Wasley, in 75 Years of the Bahá'í Faith in Australasia (1996). Some predictions (made in 1996) of how the Internet will change and how Baha'is can make best use of it. [about]
- Not Just for Consumers: An Argument for Depicting Diverse Beliefs on U.S. Television, by Deborah Clark Vance, in Diversity and Mass Communication: Evidence of Impact, ed. Amber Reetz Narro and Alice C. Ferguson (2007). [about]
- Ocean: Bahá'í Writings search engine (1998). Complete search engine for Baha'i texts and books from other religions. [about]
- Organizing Digital Collections: The Case of the Baha'i Academics Resource Library, by Dharlene Valeda (2001). Library Science analysis of the Baha'i Library's content and architecture, observations about online information retrieval, and ways to structure digital libraries. [about]
- Researching the humanities online, by Jonah Winters (1998). A document created in 1998, when many users were new to the Web, giving tips on how to find things online. [about]
- Responding to Criticism and Opposition on the Internet, by Bahá'í Internet Agency (2009). Bahá’ís welcome constructive examination of their Faith. While they should not engage in exchanges that are divisive or contentious, Bahá’ís will not hesitate to respond, in a spirit of courtesy and fairness, to serious misrepresentations of their Faith. [about]
- Results of Talisman Attitudes Survey, by Eric Hadley-Ives (2000). Detailed analysis of the beliefs and community interactions of participants in the listserver Talisman2 (circa 1999). [about]
- Seeking for Truth: Plausibility Alignment on a Bahá'í Email List, by David Piff and Margit Warburg, in Religion and Cyberspace, ed. Morten T. Højsgaard and Margit Warburg (2005). Dynamics of participation on the Talisman listserver in 1995, and how it provided an interactive process for seeking truth. [about]
- soc.religion.bahai: Complete Archives (1992). Link to an 18-year archive of the first moderated Baha'i newsgroup. [about]
- Study of the Bahá'í Faith, Comment on Issues Related to the, by Universal House of Justice, in Lights of Irfan, Volume 9 (2008). A follow-up to the "Issues Related to the Study of the Baha'i Faith" lettter. [about]
- Study of the Bahá'í Faith, Issues Related to the, by Universal House of Justice (1998). Letters from the House and the International Teaching Center, and compilation on the nature of opposition to the Faith from within academia, especially as conducted via the Internet. [about]
- Styles of piety: Notes on the relationship between Bahá'í scholars and the Bahá'í institutions with reference to academic methodology, by Todd Lawson, in Bahá'í Studies Review, 11 (2003). On the role of the scholar in the community, the phenomenon of the internet, and the institution of the Covenant, as seen in the light of the intellectual heritage of the Islamic world. [about]
- Summary of Baha'i Activities on Worldwide Computer Networks (1995), by Bahá'í Computer and Communications Association (1995). A snapshot of the very early online Baha'i community, when there were "over 1,000" Baha'is on the internet! [about]
- Technology, Values, and the Shaping of Social Reality, by Matt Weinberg, in Bahá'í World (2019). On a Bahá'í view on technology, its role in advancing civilization, the critical issue of technological choice and its mechanisms, consultative processes, and the case of the Internet. [about]
- Texts, Sacred, Permission to Distribute Electronic Copies of, by Universal House of Justice (2000). Sacred Writings and anything produced by the Baha'i World Center or the Baha'i International Community may be electronically redistributed. [about]
- Use of appropriate domain names by Bahá'ís on the Internet, by National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá'ís of the United Kingdom, in Bahá'í Journal (UK) (1997). A directive from the UN NSA that Baha'is should refrain from using "Baha'i words" as the account name in email addresses. [about]
- What is a Content Management System?, by Jonah Winters (2003). A brief overview of the technology underlying the Baha'i Library Online, and why this technology represents the next step in the Internet's evolution [since this was written, the term "Web 2.0" has been coined for the "next step" I described]. [about]
- WIPO Domain Name Dispute: Case D2001-1302, "bahaiwomen.com" (2001). A legal ruling finding, on behalf of the Baha'is, that unauthorized use of the domain bahaiwomen.com is a trademark infringement. Followed by a newspaper article from Newsbytes, "Bahá'í Organization Bests Speculator In Domain Dispute." [about]
- WIPO Domain Name Dispute: Case D2005-0214, "uhj.net" (2005). A legal ruling finding, against the Baha'is, that covenant breakers are allowed to use the domain uhj.net. [about]
- World Wide Web, The: An Owner's Manual for Bahá'í Youth, by Phil Christensen (2005). Guide to the Internet for Baha'i Youth. Sites to visit, sites to avoid, and other information. [about]