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||The Roman Catholic Vatican Council under Pope Pius IX formulated the doctrine of papal infallibility. Shortly afterwards Italian forces under Victor Emmanuel II attacked the Papal States and seize and occupy Rome, virtually extinguishing the temporal sovereignty of the pope. [GPB227; PDC54]
See Bahá'í Historical Facts.
||Pope Pius IX; Popes; Christianity; History (general)
|1900 26 Nov
||Agnes Baldwin Alexander wrote to `Abdu'l-Bahá declaring her belief in Bahá'u'lláh. [BFA2:159; SBR176]
She had heard of the Bahá'í Faith from Charlotte Dixon while staying in a pension in Rome. She stayed in Rome for three months studying prophecies then travelled to Paris for further study with May Bolles for another three and one half months. [BFA2:159; SBR176]
She left Paris in the Spring of 1901 for London, New England, Oakland, Ca and finally Honolulu. On returning to Hawaii in December 1901 she became the first Bahá'í to set foot in Hawaii. [BFA2:159–60; SBR177]
||Rome; Italy; Paris; France; Oakland; California; London; United Kingdom; Honolulu; Hawaii
||Agnes Alexander; May Maxwell (Bolles); Charlotte Dixon
|1921 29 May
||Alessandro Bausani, the Italian Bahá'í who was an Islamic scholar, linguist and historian of comparative religions, was born in Rome.
|1940 25 May
||Shoghi Effendi and Rúhíyyih Khánum left for England via Menton and Marseilles after having obtained a visa for Britain in Rome. A few days later the Italians enter the war against the Allies. [PP179]
||Rome; Italy; Menton; Marseilles; France; United Kingdom
||Shoghi Effendi, Life of; Shoghi Effendi, Travels of; Amatul-Baha Ruhiyyih Khanum; World War II
||The first Bahá'í institution in Italy, the Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá'iís of Rome was elected.
|1990 (In the year)
||The Italian Association for Bahá'í Studies was established in Rome. [BINS232:5]
It lapsed in 1991 but was re-established in 1992.
||Rome; Italy; Europe
||Bahai Studies, Associations for
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