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Bahá'í Chronology Canada: years 193-

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1930 (In the year) Marion Jack departed Canada for pilgrimage in Haifa and then settled in Sofia, Bulgaria. [OBCC307] [key] Sofia,Bulgaria Marion Jack; General Jack; Pioneering
1930 2 Mar First Race Amity meeting held in Montreal. [OBCC90] [key] Montreal,QC Race Amity First Race Amity meeting held in Montreal.
1931 Mar Marion Jack painted a view from the Mansion at Bahjí. The painting was eventually hung in the Mansion. [CT174] [key] Bahji Marion Jack
1931 Apr Marion Jack arrived in Sofia, Bulgaria, to begin her pioneering service. Sofia,Bulgaria Marion Jack; Pioneering
1931 There were still only 30 Bahá’ís in Canada by this date. [BBRSM186] [key] statistics
1932 (In the year) Charles Nealy Murray (b.1886 - d.1955), who had enrolled in the Faith in 1911 in Washington, D.C., settled in Crapaud, PE where he worked as a farmhand until 1942. PE Charles Nealy Murray
1932 Jan The first known use of radio to spread knowledge of the Faith was in Montreal by Martha Root. [MR381-382] [key] Montreal,QC Radio; Martha Root First use of radio in the teaching work in Canada.
1932 21 Feb Some time before this date Canadian Bahá'ís were exempted from combative service in the armed forces. [OBCC258] [key] Exemption from combative service First exemption from combative service in the armed forces.
1933 Dec The arrival of Nova Scotian John Redden in NL. He died of a heart attack three months later. [OBCC109] [key] NL; NS Pioneering; John Redden
1934 (Apr or before) The first homefront pioneers in Canada were Rowland and Stella Estall (née Delanti) who moved from Montreal to St Lambert in 1934. Rowland remained until 1935 and Stella Estall until 1938 St Lambert,QC; Pioneers; Rowland Estall; Stella Estall; Stella Delanti first homefront pioneers in Canada
1935 25 Mar The Spiritual Assembly of Montreal became incorporated, the first Bahá'í governing body in Canada to do so. [BW6p323-328] [key] Montreal,QC LSA, incorporation first Baha'i institution to be incorporated.
1935 3 Dec The federal government issued to the Bahá'í Community a letter of patents for the word "Bahá'í". [OBCC259] [key] patent
1936 1 Jul The National Spiritual Assembly of the United States and Canada appointed the first Inter-America Committee, beginning an organized and coordinated effort to establish the Faith in the Republics of Central and South America. [BW10:181] [key] first Inter-America Committee
1937 (In the year) Mrs Mabel Ives made an extended trip to Moncton, New Brunswick to teach the Faith. She was assisted by Rosemary Sala of St. Lambert. [TG102, 108] [key] Moncton,NB Travel Teaching
1937 (In the year) John and Audrey Robarts became Bahá’ís in Toronto. [OBCC151] [key] Toronto,ON John Robarts; Audrey Robarts; Knights of Bahaullah; Hand of the Cause
1937 Apr 1938 The Vancouver community developed a series of 12-minute radio programs broadcast on CJOR radio. The subject was "World Order". Along with an accompanying brochure on the 12 principles and study classes for the public, the program attracted from forty-five to sixty interested persons. The programs were heard in Victoria, Comox, Armstrong and Vernon. [OBCC215] [key] Vancouver, BC; Victoria,BC; Armstrong, BC; Vernon,BC radio First use of a series of radio programs in teaching the Faith in Canada.
1937 25 Mar Shoghi Effendi married Mary Maxwell, Amatu’l-Bahá Rúhíyyih Khánum. [PP151; UD115]
  • For a description of the simple wedding see GBF68–9 and PP151–2.
  • Shoghi Effendi stressed that the marriage drew the Occident and the Orient closer together. [GBF69–70; PP153]
  • The American Bahá’í community sent $19 from each of its 71 Assemblies as a wedding gift. [GBF70; PP153]
  • An extension was built onto Shoghi Effendi’s apartment on the roof of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s house in Haifa to accommodate the couple. [BBD107; DH152]
  • See also MA89.
  • Haifa marriage; Mary Maxwell; Amatu’l-Baha Ruhiyyih Khanum
    1937 May Fred Schopflocher contributed and additional $100,000 (see 16 March, 1929) to the goal of $350,000 to complete the exterior ornamentation of the House of Worship. For his dedication to the construction the Guardian designated him as "Chief Temple Builder". [LoF 388-390, BW12p664] [key] Wilmette Mashriqul-Adhkar, Wilmette; Fred Schopflocher
    1937 May The First Seven Year Plan was launched in North America. [BBD180; BBRSM158; BW7:17–18; MA9]
  • For the role of individuals, local spiritual assemblies and the National Spiritual Assembly see MA11–12.
  • The Plan called for:
    • the completion of the exterior of the Wilmette Temple. BW7:17–18; PP385]
    • the establishment of a local spiritual assembly in each state and province of the United States and Canada. [PP385]
    • the establishment of a centre in each of the republics of Latin America. [PP385]
  • At this time there were 2 local spiritual assemblies and eighteen localities. [OBCC307] [key]
  • First Seven Year Plan
    1937 (Fall) Mabel Rice-Wray Ives (1878-1943) was the first Bahá'í to initiate a systematic teaching campaign starting in the Fall of 1937 in Moncton, NB. [OBCC153] [key] Moncton,NB Mabel Rice-Wray Ives; Teaching first use of a systematic teaching campaign
    1938 Ridván The third, fourth and fifth local assemblies formed in Moncton, NB, Lambert, QC and Toronto, ON. The Moncton Assembly did not reform in 1940 nor in 1941. The Lambert Assembly did not re-form in 1941 and 1944. [OBCC177] [key] Moncton, NB; Lambert, QC; Toronto, ON Local Spiritual Assembly, formation
    1938 30 Apr The passing of Grace Robarts Ober (b.19 February, 1869 Ontario, Canada) in Wilmette, IL). She was buried at the Mount Pleasant Cemetery South Eliot, York County, Maine,
  • She was the aunt of John Robarts and was introduced to the Cause by Lua Getzinger in 1906.
  • She met her husband Harlon Ober when she was working at Lanier Camp on River Road in Eliot, Maine. He was at Green Acre during the time of the visit of 'Abdu’l-Bahá, Grace went with Lua to prepare a place for 'Abdul-Bahá in Chicago and then, after subletting her cottage at Green Acre she made arrangements for His visit to New York City. It was the wish of 'Abdu'l-Bahá that she marry Harlan Ober. Lua came to her to give her this news. She had only met Harlon a few times and was unprepared to contact Harlan so Lua wrote to Harlan - and Harlan, radiant at the thought that he was obeying a suggestion of his beloved Master, took the next train to New York from Boston where he lived. He came at once to see Grace and together they went walking through Central Park where he proposed and Grace, still. dazed.and uncertain, accepted - because it was the will of 'Abdu’l-Bahá. Grace Robarts and Harlan Ober were married by 'Abdu’l-Bahá at the home He was staying in in New York City. Later that same day they were married again by the laws of New York when Howard Colby Ives performed the legal ceremony.
  • In 1938 Grace went on an extensive teaching trip through the Southern states. She had been very ill previous to this. The teaching trip ended in time for her to reach Wilmette and attend the Convention in the spring of 1938. It was a very radiant Convention and the report Grace gave of her teaching trip was one of the high points of it because Grace herself was so radiant and filled with the glory of the great privilege of teaching. She stood there, before the crowded hall in the Bahá'í House of Worship, filled with the great glory that shone from her and, closing her report, she uttered a tremendous clarion call for pioneers and for teachers. Then she walked down to resume her seat amongst the delegates. But on her way she paused beside Harlan, who had just been re-elected to the National Spiritual Assembly. "I want to congratulate you now" she whispered, "I may not have time later", They smiled at each other with the perfect understanding that had always existed between them. Then Grace slipped into her own seat. As she sat down her head drooped slightly and those glancing at her assumed she was lost in prayer. But when she made no movement for many moments someone touched her and realized something was wrong. Edris Rice-Wray and Katherine True both moved forward - and Grace was gone - gone through her Open Door - gone on her beautiful journey to the arms of 'Abdu'l- Bahá.
  • South Eliot; Maine Grace Robarts Ober; In Memoriam; John Robarts; Lua Getsinger; Howard Colby Ives
    1939 (In the year) Emeric Sala gave a talk in Regina proclaiming the Faith for the first time in Saskatchewan. Regina is one of five cities he visited on this business trip. [TG104] [key] Regina,SK Emeric Sala first public talk in SK
    1929 (In the year) Lulu Barr was the first Bahá'í in Hamilton, ON. [OBCC196] [key] Hamilton,ON Lulu Barr first Bahá'í in Hamilton, ON
    1939 25 Mar The incorporation of the Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá'ís of Vancouver under the Societies Act. [OBCC258] [key] Vancouver,BC Local Spiritual Assembly, Incorporation
    1939 Apr Jean Doris Skinner becomes the first Bahá'í to settle in Calgary, AB. She had become a Bahá'í in Vancouver in 1936. She left Calgary in 1949 to pioneer to NL. [OBCC184] [key] Calgary,AB; Vancouver,BC; NL Doris Skinner; pioneering the first Bahá'í to settle in Calgary, AB.
    1939 May With the assistance of Mabel Ives who extended her travel teaching plans in Toronto, a Bahá'í booth was set up at the Canadian National Exhibition. Over 15,000 pieces of literature were distributed. [OBCC179, 307]
  • The Canadian National Exhibition, "the Ex", is a Canadian institution first held in 1879. [Wikipedia] [key]
  • Toronto,ON Mable Ives; Canadian National Exhibition
    1939 4 Jun In a letter addressed to the National Spiritual Assembly of the British Isles written on behalf of the Guardian he urged them to "appeal to the government for exemption from active military service in a combatant capacity, stressing the fact that in doing so they are not prompted by any selfish considerations but by the sole and supreme motive of upholding the Teachings of their Faith, which make it a moral obligation for them to desist from any act that would involve them in direct warfare with their fellow-humans oi any other race or nation." [UD128; CBN 15 September 1950 p2]
  • See other correspondence on this theme: UD122; UD134; UD259
  • BWC Active Military Service
    1939 25 Jun What has been termed the "first international Bahá'í picnic embracing Canada and the United States" was held at Queenstown Heights at the invitation of the Toronto Assembly. It was the brainchild of Howard Ives who was living in Toronto at the time. He and Mabel had "grand-children" on both sides of the border.
  • Willard McKay chaired the event with talks provided by Doris McKay, John Stearns, Mrs. Pettibone, Elizabeth Brooks, Mrs, Marguerite Firoozi. Lulu Barr, Mrs. Enos Barton, Mr, and Mrs. John Robarts and, of course, Mr. and Mrs. Howard Ives.
  • It was attended by 74 persons, 4 of which applied for enrollment in the Faith that day. It was an occasion for Bahá'í youth on both sides of the border to meet each other.
  • Plans were made to widen the New York-Pennsylvania Bahá'í speaker circuit to include Canada and the first youth conference was planned for Jamestown, NY. [FMH277; BN No 128 August 1939 p7; OBCC179]
  • Bahá'ís will note the significant fact that a decisive battle was fought on this site during the Revolutionary War. General Isaac Brock was killed but thanks to a regiment of "coloured" soldiers and Native allies, the Canadian forces were able to dispel the invading forces and take almost 1,000 prisoners.
  • Queenstown, ON; Toronto, ON; Jamestown, NY International Baha'i Picnic; Howard Ives; Mable Ives; Doris McKay; Willard McKay; John Stearns; Mrs. Pettibone; Elizabeth Brooks; Mrs, Marguerite Firoozi.; Lulu Barr; Mrs. Enos Barton; John Robarts; Audrey Robarts; Lloyd Gardner first international Bahá'í Picnic
    1939 27 Aug Gerrard Sluter-Schlutius— German-born, former U-boat captain, enrolled in November of 1932 and was a member of the Montreal Bahá’í youth group. He moved to Toronto in March 1935 and to Guatemala in 1939 as the second overseas pioneer. [OBCC97, 104-105]
  • He also pioneered to Honduras and later to Colombia. In the middle of 1940's Gerrard Sluter was removed from the rolls by the National Spiritual Assembly of the United States and Shoghi Effendi later declared him a Covenant-breaker for his persistent political involvement. Later Sluter appealed to the judicial courts of Colombia to demand the cancellation of the legal status of the Local Spiritual Assembly of Bogota. He failed in all his lawsuits against the Assembly. [BNVol2p315] [key]
  • Montreal,QC; Toronto,ON; Guatemala; Honduras; Bogota,Columbia Gerrard Sluter-Schlutius; Covenant-breakers
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