Search for location "Austria"
|1913 18 or 19 Apr
||`Abdu'l-Bahá left Budapest and traveled to Vienna by rail, reaching the city in the evening and taking residence in the Grand Hotel. It is estimated that some 30 people accepted the Faith during His visit. [AB388, SBBR14p120]
...it was His hope that Budapest might become a centre for the reunion of the East and West, and that from this city the light might emanate to other places. [MRHK363]
This marked the end of His visit to Hungary which lasted 9 days.
In 'Abdu'l-Bahá in Egypt p80 it is reported that a bust of 'Abdu'l-Bahá was made during His time in Vienna. Two copies were received in Port Said via Stuttgart on the 18th of July, 1913, one intended for Ahmad Sohrab and the other for Mírzá Mahmúd-i-Zarqání.
|Vienna; Austria; Budapest; Hungary; Port Said; Egypt
||Abdul-Baha, Travels of; Abdul-Baha, Second Western tour; Trains; Abdul-Baha, Pictures and portraits
|1913 24 Apr
||`Abdu'l-Bahá left Vienna and returned to Stuttgart, where He arrived in the early hours of the next morning. [AB389]
This marked the end of HIs visit to Austria where He had spent 6 days.
||Vienna; Austria; Stuttgart; Germany
||Abdul-Baha, Travels of; Abdul-Baha, Second Western tour
|1914 28 Jun
||The heir to the Austrian throne was assassinated in Sarajevo.
||Sarajevo; Serbia; Austria
||World War I; War (general); History (General)
|1914 28 Jul
||The Great War (1914–18) broke out in Europe. (28 July, 1914 to 11 November, 1918)
Austria declared war on Serbia.
See Reading Reality in Times of Crisis: ‘Abdu’l-Bahá and the Great War by Amín Egea.
The world experienced horrors the like of which had never been seen with a long list of military engagements.
The Battle of Verdun (February to December 1916) 130,000 unknown dead on both sides
The first Battle of the Somme (July to November 1916) 1,000,000 casualties in four months
The naval battle of Jutland (31 May to 1 June) 21 ships sunk.
|Europe; Austria; Serbia
||World War I; War (general); History (general); Amin Egea
||Louise Gregory travelled from Luxembourg to Vienna where she met William Herrigel. She accompanied him to Graz where he delivered a couple of lectures. Louise stayed in Graz for about one month. [SVH130-132]
It was probably during this time that she met Lydia Zamenhof in Geneva. [SYH150]
||Vienna; Graz; Austria
||Louise Gregory; Teaching; William Herrigel; Lydia Zamenhof; Lidia Zamenhof
|1926. 28 Oct
||One again Louise Gregory embarked from Boston to Liverpool on the SS Winifredian of the Leyland Line where she arrived on the 28th of October. After spending some time in Liverpool and York she stayed for a while in Bruessels and then went to Graz in Austria where she reconnected with the active Bahá'í group there. Her next stop was Vienna and then on to her destination, Budapest.
In the spring of 1927 she went to Sofia, Bulgaria.where Martha Root had visited for 12 days in February.
In June of 1927 Louise returned to New York in the United States from Boulongne-sur-Mer, France. During this trip she had visited Liverpool, York and London in England, Brussels in Belgium, Graz and Vienna in Austria, Budapest, Hungary and Sofia in Bulgaria. [SYH140-145, 240]
|Liverpool, United Kingdom; Brussels; Belgium; Graz; Austria; Vienna; Austria; Budapest; Hungary; Sofia; Bulgaria
||Louise Gregory; Teaching
|1928. Mar (date approximate)
||In early Spring Louise Gregory sailed for Dresden, Germany where she spent 11 days renewing old acquaintances. [SYH149]
Around the beginning of April she went to Prague were she met with Martha Root and spent about 2 weeks. [SYH149]
By March or perhaps mid April she was in Sofia installed at the Hotel Union Palace and nourishing her group of about 5 interested persons. Her knowledge of Esperanto was link to her contacts. On the 14th and the 18th of the month there were severe earthquakes near Bulgaria's second city, Plovdiv. The shocks were felt in Sofia so normal activity was suspended temporarily. [SYH149-150]
In May, to escape the heat of the summer in Sofia she took refuge the Villa Viktoria in Trenčianske Teplice, a spa town situated in the Carpathian mountains of Slovakia. She stayed there in June, July and most of August. Here she received a great deal of assistance from an attracted soul, Dr Binder and his friend, Mr Schapira. An earthquake in Bulgaria's second city, Plovdiv, upset the country and the teaching work [SYH150-152]
On about the 20th of August she made her way to Vienna and spent time with a previous contact. From there she took boat down the Danube on August 26th and arrived in Ruse, Bulgaria on the 30th of August and travelled overland to Sofia where she resumed her work with her study group in mid-September. One of her contacts translated Dr Esslemont's pamphlet "What is the Bahá'í Movement" into Bulgarian and 2000 copies were printed. She held study classes, taught languages, held public meeting and put articles in the local paper to attract interested persons. [SYH155; BN No 31 April 1929 p4]
On the 19th of March 1929 she departed Sofia en route to Haifa and her second pilgrimage. It is likely that she took the Simplon Orient Express to Tripoli, Lebanon and then by autobus to Beirut and Haifa. The latter part of the journey was completed by the Nairn Transport Company. [SYH161-165]
After her pilgrimage she sailed from Haifa on the SS Asia of the French Fabre Line to Providence, Rhode Island where she arrived on the 13th of May 1929. From their she travelled home to their cottage at Green Acre. During this trip to Europe she had visited Dresden in Germany, had accompanied Martha Root in Prague, Czechoslovakia, spent the summer in Teplice, Czechoslovakia and went back to Sofia before embarking on pilgrimage. [SYH165-166, 241]
||Desden; Germany; Prague; Czechoslovakia; Sofia; Bulgaria; Trenčianske Teplice; Slovakia; Vienna; Austria; Haifa
||Louise Gregory; Louise Gregory, pilgrimage
|1938. (In the year)
||The Bahá'í Faith was banned in Austria. [SYH209]
||The National Spiritual Assembly of Germany and Austria was re-established. [BN No 187 September 1946 p8-9]
It was elected for the first time since 1937.
Three American servicemen, Bruce Davison, John Eichenauer, and Capt Henry Jarvis rendered service to the stricken community.
It would appear that there was no Austrian representation at this National Convention nor at the National Convention the following year. [BW11p30]
||National Spiritual Assembly, formation
||The Germano-Austrian teaching plan, the German Five Year Plan(1948–53), comprising of internal goals only, was launched. [BBRSM158]
Some goals were:
- To double the number of Local Spiritual Assemblies from fourteen to twenty-eight, increasing the Bahá’í membership in each community
- To raise the number of localities in Germany and Austria where Bahá’ís reside
- To deepen the understanding of the friends in the operation of the Administrative Order
- To encourage deeper study of the teachings
- To construct the National Hazíratu’l-Quds in Frankfurt
- To enrich Bahá’í literature with two publications by March 1949, fifteen by March 1950, six by March 1951 and nine by 1952
||Separate national spiritual assemblies were formed for Germany and Austria. [BW13p274, 283; BBRSM186]
For the letter of the Custodians to the national convention of Austria see MC158–60.
For a photo of the first National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá'ís of Austria see WMSH244. The members were: Johanna (Hauff) von Werthern, Franz Pollinger, Bertha Matthisen, Leopoldine Heilinger, Dr Mehdi Varqá, Gunther Hang, Ursula Kohler, Dr Masoud Berdjis and Dr Aminolláh Ahmedzadeh.
||National Spiritual Assembly, formation
|1970 25 Dec - 1971 3 Jan
||The First International Bahá’í Youth Winter School took place in Salzburg, Austria, attended by 600 people from 25 countries. [BW15:332]
For picture see BW15:332.
||Salzburg; Austria; Europe
||Conferences, Bahai; Conferences, Youth; Conferences, International; Conferences, First
|1983 (In the year)
||The Association for Bahá’í Studies, German-Speaking Europe, was established in Austria. [BW19:357–8]
||Bahai Studies, Associations for; German language
|1993 10 – 25 Jun
||The Bahá'í International Community and Bahá'ís from 11 countries participated in the United Nations World Conference on Human Rights in Vienna and the parallel meetings for non-governmental organizations. [BINS298:1–2]
The representatives from the Bahá'í International Community highlighted the importance of recognizing the universal nature of human rights.
A joint statement entitled Promoting Religious Tolerance was presented by the Bahá'í international Community.
||United Nations conferences; Human Rights; Baha'i International Community; BIC statements
|2020. 5 Dec
||The Austrian Bahá’í Office of External Affairs launched a new vlog that will explore issues of national concern in Austria. It was titled “Themes that move Austria,” and such topics as environmental protection, migration, social cohesion, and the role of youth in social transformation will be the subject of discussion. See the video featuring Dr Leyla Tavernaro of the Office of External Affairs in the referenced link.
||Public discourse; Internet; BWNS
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- Bahá'í Communities by Country: Research Notes, by Graham Hassall (2000). Brief notes on the history of Bahá'í activities and the dates of NSA formation in Africa, China, Australia, and elsewhere. [about]
- Journal Diary of European Baha'i Travels: April - November 1948, by Charles Mason Remey (1948). A record of Remey's visits across Europe, from England to Germany. Includes coverage of Bahá'í participation in the first U.N. convention on Human Rights, held in Geneva. [about]
- Positions of the Austrian Churches and Religious Communities regarding bio- and medico-ethical Issues, The, by Udo Schaefer, in Churches, Religions, Bioethics (Kirchen, Religionen, Bioethik), Jurgen Wallner, ed. (2002). On the Bahá'í view of bioethical and biomedical questions, and Bahá'í authoritative sources, image of human beings, health and sickness, liberty and responsibility, and specific bioethical questions. [about]
- References to the Bahá'í Faith in the U.S. State Department's Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, by United States Department of State (1991). Excerpts from the State Department's annual compilation of Country Reports on Human Rights Practices on discrimination against the Bahá'í Faith and persecution of its adherents in twenty countries. [about]
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