|1869 (In the year)
||Franz Josef, Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary, made a pilgrimage to Jerusalem but failed to enquire after Bahá'u'lláh. [KAN116]
||Jerusalem; Israel; Hungary
||Franz Josef; Bahaullah, Life of; Tablets to kings and rulers
|1908. 30 Sep
||The passing of Amalie Knobloch (b.Böblitz Germany 11 May 1858 d. 30 September 1908 in Washington, DC) She was buried in Prospect Hill Cemetery in Washington. She was the mother of Fanny Knobloch (1859-1949), Alma Knobloch (1865-1943) and Pauline Knobloch Hannen (1874-1939). [ASK5-6, 7]
Janet Ruhe-Schoenin in Champions of Oneness: Louis Gregory and His Shining Circle p77, noted that ‘Abdu’l-Bahá recognized race amity matriarch Mrs. Amalie Knobloch and revealed a Tablet to be read when visiting her grave:
He is God! O, thou Pure Spirit, Amalie Knobloch! Although thou didst soar away from this terrestrial world, yet thou didst enter into the immeasurable, illumined Universe of the Almighty. While in this life thou didst hear the Divine Call, beheld the light of Truth, became alive by the Breaths of the Holy Spirit, tasted the sweetness of the Love of God, became the Maid-Servant of the Lord of Hosts and the object of the Bounties of His Highness the Desired one. Thou didst lead the erring ones into the Path of Truth and bestowed a portion of the Heavenly Food to those who are deprived. Thou didst consecrate the days of thy existence to the Service of His Highness the Clement and spent thy time in the diffusion of the Fragrances of the Paradise of Abha. There are many souls perfumed and many spirits illumined through thy services!
O, thou divine, beloved Maid-Servant! Although thou didst disappear from the mortal eyes, yet thou didst train and educate thy daughters, each of whom has arisen to serve the Kingdom like unto thee and is engaged in the guidance of the souls. In the Assembly of wisdom they are the lighted candles; they sacrifice their lives in the Path of God; they are gardening in thy orchard and irrigating thy rose-garden. Happy is thy condition, for thou art enjoying Eternal Life in the Kingdom of Everlasting Glory and hast left in this world kind and loving Remembrances.
Happy are those souls who visit thy luminous resting-place and through thy commemoration receive and acquire spiritual Powers!
See Aflame with Devotion Chapter 9, "Loss of a Matriarch" pp99-109 for moving description of the passing a believer that was so beloved of Àbdu'l-Bahá.
|Boblitz; Germany; Washington,DC; USA
||In Memoriam; Amalie Knobloch
||More information required|
|1909. (In the year)
||The Bahá'í community of Saint Paul, Minnesota began in 1909 when Dr. Clement Woolson, who became a Bahá'í in New York City in 1899, moved to Saint Paul to establish a Bahá'í community there. Both Clement and his wife Leona were osteopathic doctors and active Bahá'ís. The Woolsons held weekly Bahá'í gatherings in their home in Saint Paul.
In 1912 Clement was a delegate to the 4th Bahá'í National Convention in Chicago and Leona was the alternate delegate representing the Bahá'ís of Saint Paul. At the end of the convention, on May 1st, 1912, they were able to attend the large gathering in Wilmette, Illinois when Abdu'l-Bahá laid the cornerstone for the House of Worship.
On September 20th, 1912, Abdu'l-Bahá spoke in the Woolson home on spiritual education. Dr. Clement Woolson was an eloquent speaker and as a result of their firesides, others were soon declaring their faith. By 1922 there were nine Bahá'ís in Saint Paul. Among those attending the gatherings at the Woolsons were the Abas, Kadrie and Hider families. These three families from Syria moved to New York in 1902 and on to Saint Paul in 1922. First Hassen Abas attended the gatherings and soon after Alex Kadrie and Kamel Hider were attending talks at the Woolson home. By 1930 or soon after all three had become Baha'is on fire with the Cause of Baha'u'llah. These were large families; Hassen Abas and his wife Madie had nine children of their own. Their daughter Gayle Abas accepted the Baha'i Faith in 1932 at the age of 19. Three years later, after Dr. Woolson's his first wife Leona died, Gayle Abas married Clement. Dr. Woolson passed away a few months later. In 1976 Gayle Woolson wrote a biography about the Abas, Kadrie and Hider families. [A Saint Paul Bahá’í Community History: The Early Years]
|St. Paul,MN; USA
|1917 9 Dec
||General Allenby entered Jerusalem. [AB425]
Major Wellesley Tudor Pole had risked court martial in alerting the British Cabinet of the danger to `Abdu'l-Bahá. [ER169]
It was reported by British Intelligence that the Turkish Commander-in-Chief had the intention to "crucify 'Abdu'l-Bahá and His family on Mt. Carmel". [GPB306]
||General Allenby; Wellesley Tudor Pole; Abdul-Baha, Life of; - Basic timeline, Expanded; Abdul-Baha, Basic timeline; Abdul-Baha, Death threats to
|1923. 24 Jul
||The Treaty of Lausanne, signed on July 24, 1923, concluded the Greco-Turkish War (1919-1922) and was an important international agreement that officially ended the hostilities and conflicts stemming from World War I and the collapse of the Ottoman Empire. It is primarily known for recognizing the Republic of Turkey as the successor state to the Ottoman Empire and for defining the borders of modern Turkey. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk is considered the founding father of the Republic of Turkey serving as its president from 1923 until his death in 1938.
The treaty was significant because it prescribed for a population exchange between Turkey and Greece. It resulted in the forced relocation of around 1.5 million Greek Orthodox Christians from Turkey to Greece and about 500,000 Muslim Turks from Greece to Turkey. This exchange was intended to create ethnically homogeneous nation-states and minimize tensions between these groups.
Another provision of the treaty is that it established the international status of the Turkish Straits, including the Bosporus and the Dardanelles. It guaranteed their neutral status and regulated the passage of ships through these strategically important waterways. This arrangement sought to prevent the militarization of the Straits and maintain freedom of navigation.
[Colonialism, Nationalism and Jewish Immigration to Palestine: Abdu´l-Baha’s Viewpoints Regarding the Middle East by Kamran Ekbal p6]
|1938. 11 Nov
||The passing of Pocahontas Kay (Grizzard) Pope (b. 1864 or 1865 Pocahontas Kay in Halifax County, NC, USA) in Hyattsville, Prince George’s County, Maryland. She is buried in National Harmony Memorial Park Cemetery in Hyattsville, Prince George's County, Maryland, USA. Her original burial location fell into obscurity after 1960 when her grave, along with 37,00 others, was moved from Columbian Harmony Cemetery to National Harmony Memorial Park. None of the original markers was retained, rendering her grave essentially anonymous. The site of her grave was located thanks to the research efforts of local Bahá’ís. [Bahá’í Teachings; Find a grave]
On the 30th of April, 2018 the Bahá’ís of the Washington, DC Metro Area unveiled a grave marker for Pocahontas Pope, the city’s first African American Bahá’í, in National Harmony Memorial Park. Another ceremony was held on the 19th of May to honour her. A history of her life and accomplishments was read and a monologue in her voice was performed.
[DC Bahá’í Community website;
Bahá’ís of the US website]
Pocahontas Pope was employed by Alma Knobloch to help her as a seamstress in her dressmaking business. In 1906 she became a Bahá’í and wrote a letter of declaration to ‘Abdu’l-Bahá. In His reply He wrote in part,
“Render thanks to the Lord that among that race thou art the first believer, that thou hast engaged in spreading sweet-scented breezes, and hast arisen to guide other… [T]he pupil of the eye is black, it is the source of light. Thou shalt likewise be.”
The complete Tablet can be found at Bahá’í Chronicles, In Alma Sedonia Knobloch p392 by Jennifer Redson Wiebers and in Aflame with Devotion p.67-68 by Judy Hannen Moe.
From that point until at least 1918 she hosted talks in her home, and one of the people she led to the Faith was Alain Locke, “Father of the Harlem Renaissance” among many others who would go on to render service to the Cause. [ Bahá’ís of the US website]
See as well The Bahá’í Faith in America Vol 2 p 225-226 by Robert Stockman, Alma Sedonia Knobloch p27-29, 33 by Jennifer Redson Wiebers.
|Hyattsville; MD; USA; Washington,DC; USA
||In Memoriam; Pocahontas Pope
|1946. (In the year 1946 or 1947)
||While visiting in Famagusta (Gazimağusa) Rúḥíyyih Khánum is quoted as saying: “Shoghi
Effendi was working very intensely in Haifa and people were knocking on his door all the time to
ask questions; because of that, during his unofficial travels to rest (holidays), he was traveling
around quietly (incognito), and without contacting the believers. We came to Cyprus together
for two or three weeks in one of the years 1946 or 1947 – if I look (in my diary) I can find the
year. We went to Nicosia, and then we got a car and went to Famagusta, Larnaca and then
again Nicosia. I can’t remember whether we went to Limassol. Afterwards we went to St.
Hilarion. There weren’t good hotels in the Troodos area then, and because of that we stayed in
a small house for a while. This is all I can say about this visit.” [Notes of the Visit to Famagusta of
Amatu'l-Bahá Rúḥíyyih Khánum in the home of Erol & Şafak Olkar Notes taken by: Erol Olkar. The English translation of the original Turkish language handwritten manuscript of Erol Olkar was by Deniz Oraç.]
||Famagusta; Gazimağusa; Nicosia; Larnaca; St Hilarion; Cyprus
||Shoghi Effendi, travels of; Amatul-Baha Ruḥiyyih Khanum, Journeys of
|1954 26 May
||Shoghi Effendi, Rúhíyyih Khánum and Leroy Ioas returned the visit of President Ben Zvi by visiting him in Jerusalem. [GBF140; PP293–4]
||Shoghi Effendi, Life of; Amatul-Baha Ruhiyyih Khanum; Leroy Ioas; Ben Zvi; Presidents
|1957. (In the year)
||The publication of The Secret of Divine Civilization by 'Abdu'l-Bahá as translated by Marzieh Gail in Wilmette Il by the Bahá'í Publishing Trust. It was earlier translated as The Mysterious Forces of Civilization by another translator, this was 'Abdu'l-Bahá's message to the government, clergy and people of Iran on the requirements of true civilization. It applies as well to the present as mankind's traditional political and social philosophies have shown themselves incapable of renewing human civilization. [BEL 3-107 p13]
See Bahá'í-library.com for documents related to the work by 'Abdu'l-Bahá.
||Wilmette; IL; USa
||Abdu'l-Baha, Writings of; Marzieh Gail
|1961 3 Apr
||Corinne Knight True, Hand of the Cause of God, (b. 1 November 1861 Louisville, KY d. Chicago, IL 3 April 1961). She was buried in Oak Woods Cemetery in Chicago. [BW13:846]
Find a Grave.
For her obituary see BW13:846–9.
For cables from the Custodians see MoC257.
Shoghi Effendi had appointed her among the second contingent on the 29th of February, 1952. [MoCxxiii]
See also Rutstein, Corinne True George Ronald (1987).
See as well Lights of Fortitude p391-407.
See 239 Days 22) for the story of her part in the raising of the Temple in Chicago.
||Chicago.IL; USA Louisville, KY; USA
||Corinne True; Hands of the Cause; Hands of the Cause, Births and deaths; Births and deaths; In Memoriam; Hands of the Cause, Second Contingent; Mashriqul-Adhkar, Wilmette
||The National Spiritual Assembly of Zambia (Northern Rhodesia) was formed with its seat in Lusaka. [BW14p96; Ridván 1966
||National Spiritual Assembly, formation
|1967. 12 Nov
||The dedication of two schools founded by Bahá'ís in Odusai and Tilling Uganda. (Note: Tilling was where the home of Hand of the Cause Olinda was located.) [CG70-71]
The schools had been confiscated during the regime of Idi Amin and had fallen into poor repair. A project was undertaken by the Mona Foundation to restore the facilities. [Website]
||Odusai; Uganda; Tilling; Uganda
|1972. (In the year)
||The Louis G. Gregory Institute was founded in 1972. It was named after a native to South Carolina and the first to bring the Bahá’í Faith to the state. It is a training center owned by the Bahá’ís of the United States and managed by the Regional Baha’i Council for the Southeastern States. [Louis G. Gregory Bahá’í Institute]
|1980. (In the year)
||The opening of the Native American Bahá'í Institute (NABI) on Navajo land in Arizona. The programs at NABi integrate Native American spirituality with that of the Bahá'i faith. It was designated an agency of the National Spiritual Assembly thereby becoming one of the five permanent school and institutes. Over the years it has been focused upon various goals.
Since 1998, it has been designated a Regional Training Institute by the National Spiritual Assembly, and has been immersed in advancing the goals of the Training Institute process among Native Americans. [IndigenousBahais.com]
NABI campus is made up of 40 acres of Piñon/Juniper forest surrounded by the Navajo Nation. It's natural beauty has been preserved creating a serene setting in which to reflect and study both individually and collectively. [facebook]
||Houck; AZ; USA
||Institutes; Native American Baha'i Institute
|1988. (In the year)
||Hand of the Cause of God William Sears and his wife Marguerite Reimer Sears initiated the first Desert Rose Bahá’í School with the assistance of a core group of dedicated friends. This became an annual event for the Southern Arizona Bahá’í’s each Thanksgiving weekend and was held in a rented hall in Tucson, Arizona.
in 1992, after the passing of her husband, Mrs Sears was encouraged by the Universal House of Justice to expand the four-day Desert Rose Bahá’í school to a permanent institute.
In 1996 Mrs Sears, with the help of many friends, purchased land near Eloy, Arizona for the development of the Desert Rose Bahá’í Institute, which she envisioned as an Institute for education in the arts and agriculture. When the land was purchased, the Round House was the only building on the property. A cottage was constructed for Mrs. Sears that provided both comfortable living space and room where she could work with partners on cataloguing and publishing some of Bill Sears’ remaining works while building a library. The following year the Desert Rose Bahá'í Institute was incorporated with Not-for-Profit status.
Since that time a Meeting and Dining Hall was built and a Guest House was constructed near the Sears Cottage was built by David Hadden for use by him and his family. In 2018 this Guest House was converted into and Art Gallery. In 2001 a 16 rental apartment was built to help offset the operating costs. In 2004 the William Sears Pavilion was dedicated. It was designed as a place were people could go to reflect, pray, meditate, or celebrate. More accommodations were built in 2005 in the name of the Guffey Center, honouring two volunteers, Ray and Gloria Guffey.
In 2017 the DRBI was granted a licence to operate a low power (LP) radio station for Eloy Arizona to serve the community. Radio station KURE was licensed to operate on 106.1 FM as part of the Institute.
In 2019 DRBI Board member Dwight Cox initiated an agricultural project to grow organic produce.
[DRBI website; Desert Rose Bahá'í Institute - History]
||Bahai radio; Bahai-owned radio; Institute
|1989 6 May
||The Bahá’í World Centre received one of six awards given by the Council for a "Beautiful Israel" in a ceremony in Jerusalem. [BINS199:2]
||World Centre; Awards
|1993 31 Jan
||The opening of the Banani School with 65 students in Chisamba, Lusaka, Zambia. At the time of the school's inauguration on the 18th of May, 1996 there were 120 students, a library, a multimedia computer lab, a swimming pool, and a school bus. It was inaugurated by the William Mmutle Masetlha Foundation under the direction of the National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá'ís of Zambia and named after Hand of the Cause Musa Banani. The Primary School was inaugurated on 22 August, 2001. Today the Banani International School is a private, not for profit residential school for 150 girls from Grades 6 through 12. [Website; Wikipedia; Bahaipedia]
||Chisamba; Lusaka; Zambia
||Banani School; School; Banani International School
|1993. 28 Aug - 5 Sep
||The first time that many religious representatives met with each other was at the World Parliament of Religions in Chicago in 1893. The goals of this gathering were: (1) to show “what and how many important truths the various Religions hold and teach in common;” (2) to discover “what light Religion has to throw on the great problems of the present age;” and (3) “to bring the nations of the earth into a more friendly fellowship, in the hope of securing permanent international peace.”
At the first modern Parliament held in Chicago an Assembly of 250 religious and spiritual leaders endorsed a groundbreaking document, Towards a Global Ethic: An Initial Declaration. One of the speakers was His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama. [Chicago 1993]
||Parliament of the Worlds Religions
||The dedication of the first academic chair in Bahá'í studies in Israel at Hebrew University of Jerusalem with the appointment of Prof. Moshe Sharon. The position was made possible because of an anonymous donation. [Jerusalem Post, June 7, 1999, BWNS84]
||Chair in Bahai Studies; Hebrew University of Jerusalem; Universities; Moshe Sharon; Firsts, Other; Donations; BWNS
|2000 17 - 21 Dec
||The first International Conference on Modern Religions and Religious Movements in Judaism Christianity and Islam and the Bábí-Bahá’í Faiths was held in Jerusalem with about 90 persons in attendance. [BWNS84]
||Conferences, Other; Interfaith dialogue; Judaism; Christianity; Islam; Firsts, Other; BWNS
|2008 1 - 2 Nov
||The first of 41 Regional Conferences held over a four month period to mark the mid-point of the Five Year Plan was held in Lusaka, Zambia. [Lusaka, BWNS642]
"The Universal House of Justice, in a letter dated 20 October 2008, announced the convocation of a series of 41 regional conferences over a four-month period. The letter – which marked the midway point of a five-year effort to expand activities at the grassroots level – indicated that the purpose of the conferences is to celebrate achievements during the first half of the Five Year Plan and to deliberate on the next phase." [Bahá'í Community News]
||Conferences, Regional; BWNS
|2011. 30 May
||The passing of Knight of Bahá'u'lláh Gayle Wollson (b. 2 June 1913 Crookston MN) in Wilmette, IL. She was buried in Memorial Park Cemetery and Crematorium, Skokie, Illinois [Find a grave]
Born in the USA to Muslim, Arab-speaking parents of Syrian origin she learned of the Faith through her father. Mr Abas had been introduced to the Bahá'í Faith by a Syrian friend. As a youth she taught children's classes and was one of the very first youth travelling teachers in the US accompanying Marguerite Reimer (later Sears) and Mable Ives.
She had already been pioneering in Latin America for fourteen years when in early 1954 she opened the Galápagos Islands to the Bahá’í Faith, thus earning the title ‘Knight of Bahá’u’lláh’. Although her time there was brief, the story of her rich and varied life, dedicated to building up Bahá’í communities throughout Latin America, serving and empowering others, makes fascinating and inspiring reading. Her work with children’s education, particularly through the Children’s Public Speaking Project where she taught children to memorize passages from the Bahá’í Writings, to present them in public, and to express what they learned in service, was a precursor of the process of learning and practice now finding systematized expression in the worldwide Bahá’í community.
She was appointed to the Auxillary Board and served for 14 years in Ecuador. In 1961 sh was elected to the National Assembly.
From 1970 she served for five years at the World Centre where she did translation work.
‘Future generations will extol your labours, follow in your footsteps, and derive inspiration from your pioneer activities.’ Shoghi Effendi to Gayle Woolson in Costa Rica, 1942
In 1971 her book, Divine Symphony was published by the Bahá'í Publishing Trust of New Delhi. The book was reprinted in 1976 and 1977. [BEL 7..2771; p156]
For her biography see The Art of Empowering Others – A Biography of Knight of Baha’u’llah Gayle Woolson by Juliet Gentzkow and published by George Ronald.
|Crookston; MN; USA; Wilette; IL; USA
||In Memoriam; Gayle Wollson; Knight of Bahaullah
|2015. 15 - 19 Oct
||The sixth Parliament called upon the world to Reclaim the Heart of Our Humanity and took place in Salt Lake City, Utah. There were 9,806 attendees, performers, and volunteers from 75 countries, 30 major religions and 548 sub-traditions participated in the Parliament. [Salt Lake City 2015]
||Salt Lake City,UT; USA
||Parliament of the Worlds Religions
|2018. 6 Sep
||The passing of Lily Ayman (b. 17 May 1929 in Tehran) in Chicago. She was buried in the Oakwood cemetery near the resting place of Hand of the Cause Corrine True. She was a prominent Iranian educationalist who later became a Bahá'í in 1975 and left Iran with her family after the Revolution and finally settled in the USA where she become actively involved in various Bahá'í educational projects. See her “In Memoriam” published in Lights of Irfan, 20, 2019 p. 264-269.
She was considered the “Mother of Persian Textbooks” [Iran Wire 10 April 2013]
Listen to the audio story The threat of being executed seven times and other stories on the Northwestern University website.
|Tehran; Iran; Chicago; USA
||In Memoriam; Lily Ayman
|2021. (In the year)
||The publication of Bahá'í Faith: The Basics by Christopher Buck. See the Critics' Reviews.
This publication is available on the Routledge site as an ebook for loan if your institution has access. It may be previewed at this location. (Click on "Preview Book")
|Abingdon; UK; New York,NY; USA
|2022. 1 Oct
||The passing of Kevin Locke, (b. Los Angeles, CA 1983) renowned Native American hoop dancer, self-taught traditional flute player, story teller, recording artist, educator and cultural ambassador, at the age of 68 in Custer, SD. [Native News OnLine; Inforum]
He recorded his first album, “Love Songs of the Lakota” in 1982 with Indian House Records and went on to record 13 albums. At the Native American Music Awards, Locke’s music won “Best Traditional Recording” for “The First Flute" in 1999 and “Album of the Year” for “Earth Gift” in 2009. [Albums; Wikipedia]
In 2018, Kevin founded the Patricia Locke Foundation to provide cultural programming for communities. The foundation is named after Kevin’s late mother, who was one of the authors of the American Indian Freedom of Religion Act (1978), and an advocate for education and tribal colleges. [Native News Online]
He was he the author of children's book with an Indigenous content. [Strong Nations website]
His autobiography titled Arising, written with Kim Douglas and Aleah Douglas-Khavari, was published by the Bahá'í Publishing Trust in 2018. Throughout the pages of Arising, Kevin brings his international travels to life in colourful detail; reflects on the significance of the Bahá’í Faith, the religion with the world-embracing vision that he embraced early in his adult life; recounts his experiences with and lessons learned from his mother, a recipient of the MacArthur Genius Award; and shares his understanding of Lakota belief and culture. The result is a beautiful book full of engaging stories and a deep spirituality that will touch the hearts of many readers.
See his website and his FaceBook page.
||Custer; SD; USA
||Kevin Locke; In Memoriam
|2023. 7 May
||The passing of Jack Edwards McCants (b. Dallas, Texas 19 January 1930) in the Houston area. He was buried at Calvary Hill Cemetery in Humble, Texas. Mr McCants was an ordained Methodist minister until becoming a Bahá'í in 1959. He received a doctorate in public health administration. He served as an Auxiliary Board Member from 1965-1967 and was first elected to the National Spiritual Assembly in 1968. He left after two years to help set up the first mental Health institutions in the Pacific islands. He was elected to the National Assembly of Samoa in 1975 and then moved to the Philippines in 1978. He returned to the USA in 1980 and was again elected to the National Asmelby in 1986 and retired in 2002. [Calvary Hill Funeral Home & Cemetery.